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The volatile surface of the sun is responsible for space weather

The volatile surface of the sun is responsible for space weather


The volatile surface of the sun is responsible for “space weather” that can affect Earth

IMAGE: This image of the sun from Jan. 7, 2014, combines a picture of the sun captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, with a model of the ...

On August 31, 2012 a long prominence/filament of solar material that had been hovering in the Sun's atmosphere, the corona, erupted out into space at 4:36 ...

Solar flare

Solar wind

Artist's conception of the ...

Aurora australis

Figure 29: Brightpoints in the sun's atmosphere, left, correspond to magnetic parcels on the sun's surface, seen in the processed data on the right.

Parker Solar Probe mission to help us travel deeper into space - Science Focus - BBC Focus Magazine

IMAGE: On Oct. 24, 2014, NASA's SDO observed an X-class solar flare erupt from a Jupiter-sized sunspot group. view more

Our own Sun produces flares, but we are protected by our magnetosphere, and by the distance from the Sun to Earth. Credit: NASA/ Solar Dynamics Observatory,

Cosmicopia title

Far-ultraviolet images of the pre-shock (left) and post-shock

NASA's Solar Probe Plus will enter the sun's corona to understand space weather using a Faraday

SDO_Auto2A. Figure 25: NASA's Solar ...

GOES-17 captures a C2-class solar flare on May 28, 2018 across different spectral bands

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Apollo Astronaut


The Sun is Actually One of the Most Difficult Places to Reach in the Solar System. Here's how the Parker Solar Probe Will Do It

Two Southwest Research Institute instruments selected for NASA Europa mission

On August 1, 2010, the Sun shows a C3-class solar flare (white area on upper left), a solar tsunami (wave-like structure, upper right) and multiple ...

NASA's SDO reveals how magnetic cage on the Sun stopped solar eruption | EurekAlert! Science News

A giant cloud of solar particles, called a coronal mass ejection, explodes off the

See NASA image of Mars with oceans and continents before it was robbed of atmosphere | Science | News | Express.co.uk

This infographic shows the various sources of carbon dioxide on Mars and their estimated contribution to Martian atmospheric pressure. Credit: NASA

Wikimedia Commons // CC-BY-SA-3.0

Artist's concept of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's MMX mission to explore the two Martian moons; the inset shows MEGANE, the APL-built gamma-ray ...

Space debris

This morning, a filament on the Sun erupted and split the Sun's atmosphere, creating a "canyon of fire." Credit: NASA SDO, via spaceweather.com.

At one time, Mars had a magnetic field similar to Earth, which prevented its atmosphere from being stripped away. Credit: NASA

Mercury-large crater

An X17 flare observed during the 2003 "Halloween" storms with SOHO's Extreme-ultraviolet


The thin shell model. SOURCE: Leo Eldredge, Federal Aviation Administration, "Space

Image caption Messenger has found swathes of shallow, rimless depressions on the surface

Artist's conception of a terraformed Mars. Credit: Ittiz/Wikimedia Commons

There are other sources of solar activity such as high-speed streams of solar material from coronal holes, which spark aurora and other space weather ...

The coma and tail of a comet are visible when the comet approaches the sun.

The proposed method for creating an artificial magnetic dipole at Mars' L1 Lagrange Point.

A NASA image of Hurricane Sandy moving along the United States' East Coast. Extreme weather events like this are becoming more frequent, but scientists ...

Departure shot of Pluto by New Horizons, showing Pluto's atmosphere backlit by the Sun. The blue color is close to what a human eye would have seen, ...

Why are Venus and Mars so different to Earth? © Getty Images

The sun has no influence on the current global temperature increase, study says

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The sun has no influence on the current global temperature increase

This illustration shows a " ...

Large solar storm sparks global aurora and doubles radiation levels on the martian surface

Yes, the Sun's outer atmosphere is much, much hotter than the surface. Scientists are getting closer to solving the processes that generate this phenomenon.

Our Sun in all its intense, energetic glory. When life appeared on Earth,. The early Solar ...

Without this protective envelope, life on the surface would be bombarded by harmful radiation emanating from the Sun.

In only a little over an hour, the Sun released two X-class solar flares today. The first occurred at 11:42 UTC (7:42 a.m. EDT) and the second blasted out ...

A mission to study the Sun in greater detail than ever before has been launched today from Cape Canaveral, Florida. NASA's $850m Solar Dynamics Laboratory ...

Planetary Object Geophysical Observer (POGO) is a hopping lander under development by APL for use on small planetary bodies such as comets, asteroids, ...

... solar flare IMAGE magnetosphere

The eclipse as seen from Belitung, Indonesia

The Parker Solar Probe orbiting the Sun. Credit: NASA/JHUAPL

Emma Bunce: "Bepi will allow us to make a step change in our understanding"

New Horizons at Pluto, July 2015

Advances in Fluxgate Magnetometry for Space Physics by David Michael Miles A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requ

Pluto's seasons and what New Horizons may find when it passes by | The Planetary Society

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Galactic cosmic rays interact with the surface ...

Moons and planetary surfaces[edit]

Solar Space Telescopes | PBS LearningMedia

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(Left) Near side of Earth's Moon, photographed by the Galileo spacecraft on its

Insights into the physics of space weather that disrupts cell phones and creates Earthly havoc

In the ...


NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft celebrated one Earth year in orbit

Artist's impression of Mars and the Sun

Image: This artist's impression shows the first interstellar object discovered in the Solar System, ʻOumuamua. Observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble ...

Sunspots are dark areas on the surface of the Sun that are cooler than the surrounding areas. They form where magnetic fields are particularly strong.

Concept for ESA's future space debris surveillance system employing ground-based optical, radar and laser ...

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Large solar storm sparks global aurora and doubles radiation levels on the martian surface

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Image above: GOLD and ICON are teaming up to explore Earth's interface to space — a little-understood area that's close to home but historically hard to ...

Infographic (BBC)